Any discussion about the future of Ohio transportation funding must include a word about the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act of 2015. The FAST Act is a five-year, $305 billion measure that provides $286 billion for the nation’s federal highway and transportation programs. Under the FAST Act, Ohio will receive $8.77 billion over the next five years to invest in highway improvement. Unfortunately, the FAST Act fails to address the Highway Trust Fund’s permanent structural revenue deficit. As a result, the stability provided by the FAST Act will be short-lived. Without remedial action by Congress, another revenue shortfall will impact Ohio’s construction program as early as 2019.
With no provision for long term transportation funding at the federal level, it is clear that any significant revenue growth for Ohio highway construction will be driven at the state level. Now is the time to consider some options.
At the state level, the Ohio motor fuel tax has stood at $0.28 for more than a decade. And while the funding it provides has remained flat, construction and maintenance costs have increased from year to year. In fact, things that cost $1.00 in 2006 cost $1.56 today and ODOT projects 3-4% inflation per year in the future. However, with sensible adjustments for inflation, the state gas tax remains the strongest method of increasing transportation revenue in Ohio.
Supplemental fee mechanisms are also needed to ensure that owners of hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles pay their fair share for highway use as well. This becomes more important each year as the penetration of hybrid and electric autos increases. And as conventional automobiles continue to become more fuel efficient, additional revenue streams will be needed to supplement the motor fuel tax in the future. Methods ranging from to user fees based on Vehicle Miles Traveled to vehicle registration fees and other local funding options are all worthy of discussion.
With the FAST Act providing some revenue stability for the next few years, now is the time to discuss the future of Ohio transportation funding. Now is the time to plan! To learn more about current conditions, funding choices and how other states are meeting the transportation revenue challenge, check out Ohio Highway Funding – Paying Our Way.
Many Ohioans would like to know more about the revenue sources that fund our roads and bridges. Most people understand that a gas tax is included in the price per gallon that we pay at the pump. But how the entire highway revenue puzzle fits together is less clear for many. Let’s take a look.
Ohio has three primary sources for transportation funding: state highway revenue, federal highway revenue and bond revenue. State and federal highway revenues are the two largest components by far, providing 42% and 44% respectively of Ohio’s $3.017 billion total revenue for fiscal year 2016. Both are generated primarily from motor fuel taxes, commonly referred to as state and federal gas taxes. Additionally, bond revenues provide 9% and a combination of other state, federal and local government sources make up the remaining 5%.
At the federal revenue level, the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) federal highway program apportionment for Ohio will range from approximately $1.4 billion to $1.6 billion annually from fiscal year 2016 through fiscal year 2021. While the FAST Act provides some short-term stability, it does not include a plan for sustainable long-term highway funding. Rather, it supplements the $0.184 per gallon federal motor fuel tax, which has been in place since 1993, with a one-time transfer from the General Fund.
At the state level, the Ohio gas tax will generate $1.163 billion for 2016. It provides more than 90% of the state highway revenue that ODOT receives for maintenance and improvement of Ohio’s surface transportation system.
Federal and State motor fuel tax revenues are further allocated between the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) and Local communities. Vehicle and Truck Registrations and Title Fees also make up a substantial portion of local revenues providing $494 million in fiscal year 2015.
To learn more about highway funding in Ohio and how transportation revenues are used, spend a few minutes with Ohio Highway Funding – Paying Our Way. Time well spent for sure!
Ohio is home to the 2nd largest inventory of bridges, 3rd largest commercial freight payload and the 4th largest interstate highway system in the nation. With nearly 122,000 road miles, more than 43,000 bridges, and Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) exceeding 112 billion miles annually, Ohio has a huge transportation infrastructure subject to continuous wear and tear. The impact on road and bridge conditions – and safety – is immense.
A total of 5,246 people lost their lives as a result of motor vehicle crashes in Ohio from 2011 through 2015, an average of 1,049 fatalities per year. In 2013, the fatality rate on Ohio’s non-Interstate rural roads was more than three times higher than the fatality rate on all other roads and highways in the state. Industry estimates suggest that roadway features are a contributing factor in approximately one-third of fatal traffic crashes. Appropriate improvements can reduce crashes and highway fatalities while improving traffic flow and helping to relieve congestion.
Traffic congestion causes significant delays in Ohio, especially in the larger urban areas, affecting both commuters and commerce. Congestion also adds significant costs to consumers, transportation companies, manufacturers, distributors and wholesalers and can reduce the attractiveness of a location for companies considering expansion or a new facility.
The current condition of Ohio’s massive transportation infrastructure clearly points to the need for more highway funding. Additional revenues will help Ohio rehabilitate or replace aging roads and bridges, help reduce vehicle crashes and highway fatalities, and provide for the system expansion needed to relieve traffic congestion.
Once again, the question is: How can we make these necessary improvements happen? Check out Ohio Highway Funding – Paying Our Way to learn more!
With 262,166 total road lane miles and more than 43,537 bridges, Ohio supports one of the largest and most active transportation systems in the United States. In fact, Ohio ranks 5th in total Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) and freight volume is among the highest in the nation. Each year, $551 billion in goods are shipped to destinations in Ohio and another $587 billion in goods travel outbound from Ohio sites. Commercial trucking carries a majority of the load and, looking ahead, the freight volume moved by truck is expected to increase 67% by 2040.
The high volume of passenger vehicle and commercial freight traffic flowing through the state every day supports businesses, provides jobs and ultimately drives the economy. With this level of ongoing activity, Ohio deserves the safest and most up-to-date transportation system possible, one that meets today’s needs while preparing for the future.
But despite the high volume – and the promise of even greater capacity demands in the future – 90% of Ohio transportation funding is used for preservation rather than expansion. The Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) and local communities across the state do an excellent job of maintaining the state’s existing roads and bridges. They work very hard at “making do” with available financial resources. But expanding the system is another matter. When it comes to planning and building a robust transportation network that will propel Ohio through the rest of the century, the assurance of adequate long-term funding simply isn’t there. In fact, based on revenue projections for 2016-2019, $5.6 billion in Major Projects remain unfunded.
With passage of the “Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act” (FAST Act) in December 2015, Ohio transportation revenues will remain stable for the next few years. However, the FAST Act provides no plan for sustainable long term federal transportation funding. Without an increase in the federal Motor Fuel Tax or enactment of a new revenue source, the $14 billion annual shortfall inherent in the Highway Trust Fund will continue to grow. With this in mind, now is the right time for vigorous discussion about the future of Ohio’s transportation funding. And because revenue growth will be driven at the state level, it is also the right time to ask, “How will we pay our way?”
Check out Ohio Highway Funding – Paying Our Way to learn more about current conditions of Ohio’s transportation infrastructure and sensible strategies for meeting future needs.
As we move into late July, the lazy, hazy days of summer have certainly arrived. But we are still right in the middle of the vacation season and that means more highway traffic throughout Ohio. It is the perfect time to remind everyone to Slow Down and Move Over for all roadside workers. Ohio’s Move Over Law requires motorists to cautiously shift over one lane — or slow down if changing lanes is not possible — when passing any vehicle with flashing lights on the side of a road. Its purpose is to protect everyone who works on our roads and everyone who travels on them. This is a very easy rule to remember, but its importance cannot be overstated. Slow Down, Move Over is a lifesaver!
Check out the “Top 10 Reasons to Move Over” video below from the Ohio Department of Transportation. You can also learn more about Ohio’s Move Over law right here.
On June 29, 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 which authorized construction of the U.S. Interstate Highway System. Today the Interstate network extends for 47,662 miles, linking communities throughout the United States and providing reliable passage for motorists traveling across town or across the country. This complex highway network is also the backbone of America’s commercial transportation system. Companies in every industry depend on the Interstates for timely shipment of everything from bulk commodities and machinery to thousands of items that line our grocery store shelves.
The Interstates play a very big role in Ohio’s transportation network as well. In fact, we have one of the largest Interstate highway systems in the nation. And because Ohio is a single day’s drive from 60% of the population of the United States and Canada, those highways get lots of use!
As the search for sustainable highway funding continues in both Washington, DC and statehouses throughout the country, it is appropriate to reflect on the history and the future of the nation’s Interstate Highway System. The 60th Anniversary of one of America’s greatest accomplishments is most certainly an occasion worthy of recognition.
You can learn more about the Interstate’s 60th in the June 29th issue of the Washington Post.
AAA predicts that 1.8 million Ohioans will travel this 4th of July weekend! That’s an increase of 2.3% over last year and marks the highest 4th of July travel volume on record. If you’re traveling Ohio’s highways and local roads this weekend, keep the traffic conditions in mind and stay safe. Some new technology from the Ohio Department of Transportation can help you do so.
You can avoid traffic tie-ups during the holiday by using ODOT’s new mobile app – OHGO – for personal traffic alerts, information on road construction and travel delays, and hands-free voice on the go. The app is available on the App Store and Google Play. The OHGO app is definitely worth checking out, not only for the July 4th weekend, but to stay informed about traffic conditions throughout the year. An ODOT news release has more information including a list of current state highway projects that could impact your travel. Thanks to ODOT for creating handy app that will help motorists throughout Ohio.
Happy 4th of July to everyone! Buckle up, don’t drink and drive, enjoy the holiday and stay safe!
The Ohio Department of Transportation announcement of plans for the 2016 construction season generated a lot of media coverage in recent weeks. And rightly so! The numbers are impressive. Overall, ODOT will invest $2.1 billion this year in 1,100 infrastructure projects statewide. ODOT’s news release states that, collectively the projects “are designed to improve the condition of roads and bridges, increase safety, and make the transportation of people and goods more efficient.”
ODOT’s 2016 construction agenda is a diligent, well-planned effort. Approximately 90% of the construction budget is dedicated to improving the condition of 1,167 bridges and 6,485 miles of pavement. Also included are 157 additional projects that focus specifically on safety. The remaining 10% of the construction budget will be used to add capacity to the system where it is most needed, primarily expanding roads to ease current levels of traffic congestion.
The 2016 construction plan and budget allocation remain true to ODOT’s aggressive preservation strategy – to get the longest life possible out of our road and bridge surfaces with the best quality possible. They are doing a tremendous job with the financial resources available. To achieve more would require substantially more funding – and that is not expected in the near future.
The federal government’s 2015 “Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act” – or FAST Act – will keep highway funding flowing to the states for the time being. But with the federal gas tax stuck at 18.4 cents-per-gallon since 1993, the Highway Trust Fund will face insolvency once again in just a few years. Unfortunately, the FAST Act included no plan for a sustainable, long-term funding mechanism. At the state level, Ohio’s gas tax has remained at 28 cents-per-gallon for ten years or more. And since the Ohio gas tax is not adjusted for inflation, the dollars collected simply don’t buy as much as they did a decade ago.
What can we conclude? In the current funding scenario, ODOT will certainly continue its excellent work and preservation strategy for our roads and bridges. We can count on their pledge of – “Taking Care of What We Have.” However, if Ohioans want the level of expansion needed to create an outstanding transportation system that will carry our state well into the future, a meaningful discussion about sustainable, long-term funding must begin right now. Excellent roads and bridges that help keep transportation safe and power Ohio’s economic engine do not come free. They require a commitment from all of us. The investment is worth it!
Each year the American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA) conducts a review of state bridge data compiled in the Federal Highway Administration’s “National Bridge Inventory” database. ARTBA’s analysis of the 2015 federal data found that nearly 59,000 or 9.5% of the nation’s bridges are considered “structurally deficient.” While these bridges may not be imminently unsafe, the purpose of the report is to help educate the public and policymakers that they have structural deficiencies that need repair. Unfortunately, the funding made available to state and local transportation departments for bridge work is not keeping pace with needs.
Let’s take a look at how the numbers stack up for bridges in Ohio. Highlights from ARTBA’s 2016 Annual Bridge Report include:
Overall, Ohio has the 2nd largest inventory of bridges in the nation. Based on the ARTBA data, Ohio ranks #12 based on the number of Structurally Deficient bridges and #33 based on the percentage of Structurally Deficient Bridges. But regardless of how you look at it, we want to do better. After all, Ohio is also one of the most heavily traveled states for both passenger vehicles and commercial freight. Consider these statistics from the Ohio Department of Transportation Annual Fact Book for 2015:
With numbers like that, Ohio must continue to strive for excellence in its transportation infrastructure. A safe, well-maintained and uncongested system of highways and bridges is something that every resident and visitor traveling through Ohio should be able to count on.
The Transportation Investment Advocacy Center (TIAC) recently updated its website with a new look and expanded content. The redesigned website is a handy reference source that helps private citizens, legislators, businesses and organizations advocate for more transportation infrastructure resources at the state and local levels.
The TIAC website features an interactive U.S. map allowing visitors to easily review transportation funding developments state-by-state. The site is loaded with dozens of reports and case studies covering state and local funding initiatives that have occurred over the past several years. Visitors can also sign up for a free e-mail subscription to TranspoAdvocate News, which provides updates on transportation issues and funding initiatives several times a week. Additionally, the site includes a digital library of presentations given at the “National Workshop for State and Local Transportation Advocates” in 2014 and 2015.
The TIAC site was originally launched in 2014 by the American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA). Check it out when you have a few minutes. A brief visit will be time well-spent.